However, the extent to which European imperialism was responsible for the outbreak of World War I is both an open and a controversial question. In broaching this issue, this article aims not to give an overview of the history of imperialism and colonialismbut rather to focus on the aspects that might have worsened the relations between the Great Powers and have led to the Great War.
Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation controls and exploits one or more colonies. Once conquered, this territory is claimed as a colony. Colonies are governed and administered by either the imperial nation, a puppet government or local collaborators.
Colonies may have military or geopolitical advantages but their main purpose is economic: In most cases, this involves the supply of precious metals or other resources, such as timber, rubber, rice or other foodstuffs.
Colonies can also be invaluable sources of cheap labour, agricultural land and trading ports. Many of these colonies were acquired with little difficulty; others took more time, effort and bloodshed.
British imperialism was focused on maintaining and expanding trade, the importation of raw materials and the sale of manufactured goods. French imperial holdings included Indochina Vietnam, Laos and Cambodiasome Pacific islands and several colonies in west and north-west Africa. Empires closer to home included Russia, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman sultanate.
Despite condemnation of European imperialism in America, the United States also engaged in a degree of empire building, particularly towards the end of the s. Here is a list of the more significant imperial powers of the early s: Russia also had colonial interests in East Asia, including a concession in China.
Spain once possessed a large empire that included Cuba, the Philippines and large areas of South America — but by the Spanish were left with only tiny colonial territories in the Americas and north-west Africa.
The United States was a relative newcomer to imperialism but by had gained control of the Philippines, Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico and several islands in the Pacific. Though later absorbed into the United States, both Alaska and the Hawaiian Islands might be considered colonial acquisitions.
The Ottoman Empire was once the largest empire in the world, taking in eastern Europe, the Middle East and much of northern Africa. Ottoman territory had shrunk significantly but by the sultanate retained the heart of its old empire: Belgium was one of the smallest nations in Europe but still possessed a significant African colony Belgian Congoas well as a small concession in China.
Italy by had moved into northern Africa, annexing modern-day Libya, Somalia and Eritrea. It also held a small concession in China. The scramble for Africa Imperial rivalry: This desperate push for new colonies was fuelled by rising nationalism, increasing demand for land and dwindling opportunities at home.
Two relative newcomers to empire-building were the newly unified nations of Germany and Italy. Organisations like the Colonial League formed in Berlin whipped up support for German imperial expansion.
The Kaiser and his advisors formulated their own imperial designs, most of them focused on Africa. Six years later a sizeable swathe of East Africa was under German control; this territory was renamed Tanganyika now Tanzania.
Two significant crises stemmed from events in Morocco in north-west Africa. In Wilhelm II travelled to the Moroccan city of Tangier, where he delivered a speech supporting the idea of Moroccan independence.
This antagonised the French government and precipitated a series of angry diplomatic responses and feverish press reports. A second crisis erupted in As the French were attempting to suppress a rebellion in Morocco, the Germans landed an armed vessel, the Panther, at the Moroccan port of Agadir — a landing made without permission, prior warning or any obvious purpose.
Imperial instability was another contributor to European tensions. These defeats, along with rising nationalism and revolutions in Ottoman-controlled regions, resulted in gradual but significant losses of territory. Austria-Hungary hoped to expand into the Balkans; Russia moved to limit Austrian expansion while securing access to the Black Sea; Germany wanted to ensure the security and completion of its Berlin-to-Baghdad railway.
Britain and France also had colonial and trade interests in the region. These developments drew the Great Powers of Europe into the Balkan sphere, creating opportunities for rivalry and increased tensions.
Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation-state seizes or controls territories outside its own borders.
These territories are claimed and governed as colonies. Several European nations maintained empires in the decades before World War I. The British Empire was by far the largest, spanning around one-quarter of the globe at one point.American Revolution - Image Analysis; American Revolution in the Ohio Country; An Ode to the American Revolution (): Using Poetry to Teach History Understanding Nationalism, Imperialism and Militarism during World War I.
Why did they fight? Understanding Nationalism, Imperialism and Militarism during World War I After . By definition, nationalism is the love, devotion, and loyalty to ones country or ones cultural group.
Imperialism is the domination of other areas by imposing political, social, and economic policies to improve their own country. The Industrial revolution was the change from the use of human and animal power to the use of mechanical power [ ].
Imperialism and imperial rivalry provided both a cause and context for World War I.
Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation controls and exploits one or more colonies. In most cases the imperial nation, euphemistically referred to as the ‘mother country’, establishes control over its colonies by coercion – for example, through infiltration and annexation, political pressure, war and military conquest.
Learn world war nationalism imperialism with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of world war nationalism imperialism flashcards on Quizlet. Nationalism is an intense form of patriotism or loyalty to one’s country.
Nationalists exaggerate the value or importance of their country, placing its interests above those of other countries. Nationalism was a prominent force in early 20th century Europe and became a significant cause of World War I.
In World War I, nationalism led to the desire of countries with strong self-identities to unite and attack other countries. Nationalism, along with militarism and imperialism, is a contributing factor of World War I.
The term "nation" refers to a group of people who share the same language, history.